Ministry of Energy and Mines is a public entity, which is responsible among other things to promote sustainable development of the mining and energy sector, promote private investment in a competitive global context, preserve the environment and facilitate harmonious relations in the sector.
The Ministry is currently running a program called Project Nina, improving energy efficiency in the use of cooking fuel, which is conducted nationwide.
The Nina Project is aimed at people in poverty and extreme poverty and has three main activities: 1) Replacement of 40,000 kerosene stoves and cookers with liquefied petroleum gas in marginally developed urban areas of the entire country 2) replacement of 125,000 traditional wood stoves with improved stoves, in rural areas, mainly located in the high Andes above 2500 meters above sea level, and 3) the possibility of carbon offsets.
As for the second activity, the MINEM is participating in the National Programme "Half million improved stoves for a smoke free Peru," of which 50% of the stoves to be installed between 2010 and 2011 have been installed.
Our Experience And Interest In The Four PCIA Central Focus Areas
This is mainly the reason for the stove replacement program created by the MINEM that is better known as Nina Project which means candle in the Quechua language (widely used in the highlands of the country).
It has not been easy to convince the 20,000 families that they need to replace their wood stove, let alone get their improved stoves serviced (not accustomed to it), that is why the carbon component aims to provide sufficient funds to give sustainability to the project and to accompany families to get used to using their new stove.
There is fear of change and above all the customs are deeply rooted in the mothers: they cook sitting at the foot of a 3 stone fire, with their children and animals at their side, inhaling all the smoke in a small room.
Our experience dates from a year ago, during which we have already managed to install 20,000 improved stoves located in one of the poorest and most troubled areas of the country, where terrorism and drug trafficking still prevail, as it is the VRAE area. For the year 2011 we should complete 105,000 additional stoves, this time located in the high Andean regions of the country located above 2500 meters above sea level and are within the rankings of poverty and extreme poverty.
The activities that were accomplished during this year have enabled us to create a model of action that will enable us to standardize and systematize the process of installation of improved stoves to be held in 2011, so much so that the goal is: if in 2010 only 20,000 improved stoves were installed, then in 2011 we will be able to install that same number, but on a monthly basis.
The only limitation to date is the production capacity with the local suppliers, for whom this is motivating them to invest and improve their processes and end products.
MINEM is developing a series of activities and campaigns to achieve maximum energy efficiency in homes, but above all is committed to improving the quality of life of Peruvian families, for whom it has undertaken a program to replace lamps and is currently running a program to replace stoves.
Relevant Publications or Studies
To date there have been only two publications, both in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Ministry of Environment of Peru, and both are in reference the carbon component:
- What is climate change?, September 2010
- Climate change and sustainable development in Peru, September 2010
Our Contribution to the Partnership
MINEM through NINA Project could participate by providing stakeholders with available information, including: the methodology used in the construction of improved stoves, forms of addressing and achieving community acceptance, procedures followed to involve the public in this process and get their formalization: installers, carriers (transportation), accommodations (that did not exist before), among others.
They could also get interns interested in gaining experience "in situ" or finally they could assign a person to go to sites to provide the necessary information in the form of a course.